Research projects

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EURO-HEALTHY

Principle investigator: prof. Paula Santana, UNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA,
Research supervisor for the Czech Republic:  D. Dzúrová  (1.1.2015–31.12.2017)
HORIZON 2020, PHC-2014-single-stage, Shaping EUROpean policies to promote HEALTH equitY,
www: http://www.euro-healthy.eu/

EURO-HEALTHY’s newsletters can be accessed here.

Health inequities have been increasing in Europe, particularly in a context of an ageing society and economic crisis. In countries with different levels of infrastructures and health system preparedness, inequities create significant policy challenges.The main goal of this project is to advance knowledge of policies that have the highest potential to enhance health and health equity across European regions with particular focus on metropolitan areas.

REGIONAL ANALYSIS OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES IN THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY IN CZECHIA AND THE CASE STUDY OF MEDICAL GEOGRAPHY

RNDr. Jan Jarolímek, MBA; doc. RNDr. Dagmar Dzúrová, CSc.
2015 – 2016, Grantová agentura Univerzity Karlovy

For fulfilling the national protection strategy, health promotion and illness prevention, it is necessary to know the distribution of particular illnesses, including the factors affecting their occurrence. Very little attention has been paid to territorial differences in the occurrence of occupational diseases in Czechia. The proposed research addresses this issue, especially in relation to the distribution of the automotive industry.

The main objective of the paper is to understand factors that influence the level of occurrence of occupational diseases and analyse these factors in the context of distribution of automotive industry in the Czech Republic – mainly using localization theories and taking into consideration the position of the firms in the system of supply chains (as parts of global production networks) and to create a potential typology of these regions. Another objective is to analyse social-economic determinants of the occurrence of the occupational diseases from the perspective of medical geography and health geography.

The project is related to our previous research (mostly Jarolímek, 2013 or Jarolímek and Urban, 2014). The originality of the project is the possibility to focus on the different problems of social and socio-spatial discrepancies of the occurrence of occupational diseases from different points of views, in some cases aiming at linking the social aspects involved, and eventually also an attempt to produce a synthesis of the research problem.

On the basis of this knowledge and key problems identification, there will be recommendations formulated in a scientific way.

 

QUEER GEOGRAPHY: COMMODIFICATION, SEGREGATION AND GLOBALIZATION OF SEXUAL IDENTITIES IN CITIES?

RNDr. Michal Pitoňák; Doc. RNDr. Bc. Jana Spilková, Ph.D.
2014-2015 – Grantová agentura Univerzity Karlovy

This project aims to study socio-spatial organization of sexual minorities, specifically the potential segregation, commodification and globalization of their subcultural lives. Most common gay/lesbian commercial spaces will be critically analysed and important factors for their presence ascertained. Meanings of these spaces for LGBT people socialization together with influences on sexual identity formation and/or negotiation, their impact upon subversion or confirmation of heteronormativity will be determined. Potentials for ‘pink economy’ development in Prague’s Vinohrady district will be studied, specifically regarding the possible local ‘gay village’ formation.

THE ANALYSIS OF THE RELATION OF YOUTH HEALTH RISK BEHAVIOR AND SOCIOGEOGRAPHICAL DETERMINANTS OF THE ENVIRONMENT

Principal investigator: doc. D. Dzúrová
Co-authors: dr. J. Spilková, dr. L. Csémy, mgr. L. Kážmér, mgr. M. Syrovátková
Internal Grant Foundation of the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic (IGA CR) – 2011-2015

The project is aimed at the analysis of the health risk behavior and life style of the Czech youth. Precedent studies and projects of the research team reported that current Czech teenagers have an increasing tendency of the risk behavior, including substance use. Project investigates these issues in the background of population sociogeographic context and enriches it with the spatial differentiation of the risk behavior, life style and quality of life of the youth. There is a unique opportunity within this project to use the possibility of cooperation on the new wave of the ESPAD survey and thus to gather unique individual data focused on school, family and spatial characteristics in a short time. The outcomes of the project should shift the knowledge in both the realm of basic and applied research (general recommendation for the creation and mutual validization of the social and health policies with the stress on the area specific primary prevention).

DEVELOPING METHODOLOGIES TO REDUCE INEQUALITIES IN THE DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH (DEMETRIQ)

Principal investigators: prof. Johan Mackenbach (Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam), prof. Margaret Whitehead (University of Liverpool) Co-author: doc. D. Dzúrová
Seventh Framework European Programme – 2011-2014

The international project aimed to create, evaluate and refine the methodology for assessing the impact of social, economic and health policies. The aim is also assessing impact and effectiveness of these tools and development of innovative techniques for their evaluation in Europe. More information on this international project can be found [here] [newsletter 2013].

EVALUATING THE IMPACT OF STRUCTURAL POLICIES ON HEALTH INEQUALITIES AND THEIR SOCIAL DETERMINANTS AND FOSTERING CHANGE (SOPHIE)

Principal investigator: prof. C. Borrell (Agencia de Salut Pública de Barcelona) Research supervisor for the Czech Republic: doc. D. Dzúrová
Co-authors: dr. J. Spilková, rndr. M. Pitoňák, mgr. P. Winkler
Seventh Framework European Programme – 2011-2015

The project focuses on structural policies to face causes of health conditions inequalities of the population of countries included in the project. The aim is to evaluate the impact and effectiveness of these tools and the development of innovative techniques for their evaluation in Europe. More information on this international project can be found [here].

SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES IN MORTALITY: EVIDENCE AND POLICIES IN CITIES OF EUROPE, INEQ-CITIES

Principal investigator: C. BORRELL (Agencia de Salut Pública de Barcelona) Research supervisor for the Czech Republic: doc. D. Dzúrová
Co-authors: dr. H. Pikhart, mgr. J. Láchová
Seventh Framework European Programme – 2009-2012

The project aims to analyze social determinants of health, and its territorial inequalities of mortality event. in the context of socio-economic indicators and interventions in selected districts of 17 European cities, including Prague. The project also aims to develop recommendations to address inequalities in the health of European cities and their urban units. More information on this international project can be found [here].

GEOGRAPHY OF ALTERNATIVE FOOD NETWORKS AND SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION

Principal investigator: dr. J. Spilková
Czech Science Foundation (GACR) – 2012-2015

The presented research project accentuates the need for a close dialog between geography and research on alternative food networks as well as studies of alternative economic spaces within the sociogeographic context of the post-communist economic and societal transformation. It investigates the new consumer (and also producer) culture created through the merge of food consumption, sustainability, ethics, social differentiation, gentrification etc. as a result of complicated relations within the current transformation society. The project aims to study the three main aspects of alternative food networks: the environmental, the social, and the moral (ethical) while focusing especially on farmers´markets as the first real example of alternative food networks emerging in Czechia. Three stages of the research involve the analysis of i) the origins of local food – thus where the food comes from, ii) the biographies of food – how the food moves through the commodity system and alternative network and iii) the settings of food – how the food is being used by the consumers.

GEOGRAPHY AND RETAIL: SHOPPING PHENOMENON IN POST-COMMUNIST SOCIETY AND ITS SPACE

Principal investigator: dr. J. Spilková
Czech Science Foundation (GACR) –  2008-2010

This postdoctoral project deals with public consensus and planning of large-scale retail units. It aims also to analyze consumer behavior and opinions of the company (or its attitudes) in a large and dynamic construction of large-scale units in recent years. Thereby affecting several areas related to the topic of shopping and presents research questions, which should lead to the establishment of a new research agenda in the field of not only social geography, but also in other (social) sciences. The outputs of the project lead to a post-doctorate retail geography textbook (or monograph) in English that covers a wide range of selected topics in this area. [link]

SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES IN THE SPATIAL MORTALITY DISTRIBUTION OF URBAN CZECH POPULATION IN THE EARLY 21ST CENTURY

Principal investigator: mgr. L. Kážmér, doc. D. Dzúrová
Charles University Grant Foundation (GAUK) – 2013-2014

The project is aimed to identify socio-economic differentiation in mortality of the four largest Czech urban populations – Prague (1,257 mil.), Brno (371 thousand.), Ostrava (303 thousand.) and Plzen (169 thousand). It builds conceptually and methodically on the results of an international INEQ-Citites project. For the purpose of detailed intensity, spatial and structural analysis of mortality, analyzing the intercensual development of these structures (2001-2011) and implementation of cross-sectional ecological study of socio-economic deprivation of the Czech urban population in relation to its mortality characteristics, new advanced statistical methods based on the principles of generalized mixed modeling taking into account both the spatial structure and interdependence (autocorrelation) of units will be used (in literature often called by Bayesian term – Bayesian disease mapping methods).

PRAGUE BY NIGHT: PERCEPTION AND REALITY OF THE URBAN SPACE

Principal investigator: dr. J. Spilková, mgr. M. Pixová
Charles University Grant Foundation (GAUK) –  2008-2009

SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF MENTAL HEALTH. FINANCE AND DELIVERY OF MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

Principal investigator: The Global Center for Health Economics and Policy Research, University of California, Berkeley
Co-authors: dr. J. Spilková, dr. E. Dragomirecká, dr. M. Lustigová
Fogarty/US – 2008-2009

MENTAL HEALTH AND POLICY RESEARCH TRAINING FOR CZECH AND SLOVAK POST-DOCTORAL SCHOLARS PROGRAM – Advisory Committee UC Berkeley

Co-authors: doc. D. Dzúrová, dr. J. Spilková, dr. E. Dragomirecká, dr. M. Lustigová.  
Fogarty/US – 2006-2011

The project is based on international cooperation of experts from the University of California, Berkeley, and Charles University in Prague. The project allows linking scientific research with university teaching, both at the doctoral as well as post-doctoral level. The main scientific objective is to address the serious and socially relevant issues in the field of mental health and its determinants, in the context of health care management and financing issues, public policy building and implementation processes.

QUALITY OF CARE AND QUALITY OF LIFE FOR PEOPLE WITH INTELLECTUAL AND PHYSICAL DISABILITIES: INTEGRATED LIVING, SOCIAL INCLUSION AND SERVICE USER PARTICIPATION

Principal investigator: prof. Mick J Power, Clinical Psychology, School of Health and Social Science, University of Edinburgh
Research supervisor for the Czech Republic: dr. E. Dragomirecká Co-authors: dr. J. Prajsová, doc. D. Dzúrová
Sixth Framework European Programme – 2005-2008

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